In 2015, Google Glass exploded like meteors, special smart glasses able to take pictures, shoot videos with cameras implanted in frames, make and receive calls and much more. The IT giant project didn’t take off. There would have been a new attempt in August 2022, but privacy issues have set it back once again. In the market, with time, have appeared, however, other models. Among these those that have been most successful are the signature of Ray-Ban with the collaboration of Meta, Essilor Luxottica and the integration of artificial intelligence OpenAI. But recent investigations have shown that competition could be wider.

The Google experience with smart glasses

In August 2022, Google began a new phase of testing its smart glasses for augmented reality. For the new Google glasses the code name is "Project Iris" and, unlike the classic headset we are used to, these glasses will look like a classic frame, but that inside its lenses contains cameras and a microphone for audio.According to rumors, the tests took place in selected areas of the United States and on a small number of people.

Google has illustrated some operations that these glasses offer, among them very interesting is the ability to show those who wear these glasses subtitles in another language directly through the lenses in real time.The tests should have lasted two years and the product should have been put on the market in 2024. First in March 2023 and then in June 2023 the company announced that it had abandoned all projects related to smart glasses.

The privacy problem

The reasons would seem to be mainly two. The first related to poor sales, the second to concerns from users regarding the privacy of people filmed by these cameras.

Google tried to reassure everyone, but without too much success. The IT giant has therefore abandoned the idea of smart glasses, but has not stopped working within the reality increases. It would be in fact in the pipeline to propose an ad hoc operating system for hardware manufacturers that can make the AR work with Android. In addition, a project in collaboration with Samsung and Qualcomm for the realization of a visor for mixed reality would be underway.

Perspectives and competitions in the world of smart glasses

And just Qualcomm would be working on a model of smart glasses simpler that give priority to audio interaction. It is instead throwing on the mixed reality Apple with the new headset can show holograms in 3D.

But those who seem to believe more in smart glasses and be later in the project seem to be Meta, with Ray-Ban and Essilor Luxottica. Over the next decade, Mark Zuckerberg, reports the Financial Times, predicts an evolution towards a convergence between smart glasses and more immersive VR headsets, highlighting a gradual shift towards artificial intelligence-centered development.

The big IT giants are trying to launch in this market, but it is not yet known if they will succeed and if the future of immersive reality will be dictated by smart glasses.

SOURCES: Financial Times
              bnnbreaking      
              Ansa 
              Wired

The New York Times, one of the pillars of information in the United States, has cast a strong shadow on the Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI) community by taking a firm stand against the use of its content to train artificial intelligence models. According to The Verge, the newspaper blocked OpenAI’s web crawler access to its content on August 17. This act of restriction prevents OpenAI from using The New York Times material to improve its AI.

After these actions, the newspaper also initiated legal action against OpenAI for alleged copyright infringement. But it wouldn't have stopped there. The lawsuit, in fact, would have also targeted the computing giant Microsoft. Pending the legal verdict, the newspaper has also recently amended its terms of service to explicitly prohibit the use of its content to train artificial intelligence models.

The stance of the New York Times

According to the New York Times, the Chatbots of the two big tech companies compete with the newspaper as a reliable source of information. The newspaper is seeking compensation from the Southern District Court of New York, demanding a ban on technology companies using its content and the destruction of the data set related to media work.

"The journalism of the Times is the work of thousands of journalists, whose use costs hundreds of millions of dollars a year" - reads the complaint - "spend the billions of dollars that the Times has invested in the creation of that work, using it without permission or compensation".

Authors against Open AI

With this action, the New York Times would join other authors who have already sued OpenAI for the use of copyrighted data, including Books3 content, used to train ChatGPT. Same thing for Matthew Butterick, programmer and lawyer, who accuses OpenAI of data scraping practices similar to software piracy.

SOURCE: La Stampa, Tgcom24

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December 1, 2023: Boies Schiller Flexner today announced that the firm has opened an office in Rome, with Natalia Bagnato and Simone Grassi joining as partners.

The Rome office is the firm’s second within the European Union and arrives two years after the firm launched BSF Italy in Milan. The addition of partners Natalia Bagnato and Simone Grassi, along with three associates, strengthens the firm’s capabilities in handling complex commercial disputes, advising high-net-worth individuals, and providing ESG-related services.

“As the nation’s capital, Rome provides important access to government institutions in Italy that are critical to foreign investors and multinational companies doing business or investing in Italy,” said Italian co-administrative partner Luigi M. Macioce. “Our goal is to become the go-to firm for those types of clients. Adding a Roman presence to our established and growing Milan office gives us a clear advantage in being ‘closer,’ not only to our clients’ international businesses but also to the interests of family offices, estates, and high-net-worth individuals who are looking more and more to establish an Italian presence or grow their existing one.”

Italian co-administrative partner Alessia Allegretti added “Natalia and Simone reflect the kind of opportunistic, organic growth we hope to maintain. Their combined experience strengthens our offering for high-net-worth individuals and international companies with interests in Italy on issues involving complex disputes and ESG, which has rapidly become a crucial factor in international transactions and business challenges and where we anticipate playing a leading role in the market.” Natalia’s practice focuses on the full spectrum of ESG issues, including sustainable finance, reporting, compliance, and integration of ESG factors into corporate governance. She led the ESG team at her previous firm. Simone advises both private clients and businesses on civil and commercial disputes. He also assists prominent Italian families on trust and estate planning and

litigation. In addition to the two partners, Guido M. Tancredi, Andrea Preziosi and Marianna Peroni will join the firm as associates.

“When we launched BSF Italy, we were focused on two goals: creating a clear pathway into the EU for the firm’s clients post-Brexit and collaborating with our Italian colleagues to provide U.S. and cross-border disputes support for clients,” said Managing Partners Sigrid McCawley, Matthew L. Schwartz, and Alan Vickery. “The new Rome office demonstrates the success we’ve had in Italy and represents the next step in expanding our international platform to meet client demand. We’re thrilled to welcome Natalia and Simone to the firm.”

“We approach ESG-related issues with our clients by aiming to become a strategic partner to investors and multinational companies, working with them to implement ESG policies and achieve market best practices across their operations, because that ultimately drives greater value for their businesses. I look forward to partnering with my U.S. and U.K. colleagues, who are doing important work in this area,” said Natalia Bagnato.

“As a litigator, I feel privileged to join one of the most recognized global litigation powerhouses, and I look forward to building on that reputation. I am confident that the opportunity to work together with my U.S. and U.K. colleagues on increasingly sophisticated and complex cross-border litigation will bring even more value to the firm’s current and potential clients,” said Simone Grassi.

The agri-food sector is one of the central elements of the global economy, responsible for the production, distribution and supply of food to millions of people around the world. However, this sector faces significant challenges, including traceability, food safety and transparency in the supply chain. In this context, blockchain is emerging as a revolutionary technology that can transform the way we manage and guarantee the quality of the foods we consume.

Traceability from farm to table

The blockchain is a form of decentralized digital register that allows safe and transparent recording of transactions. In the agri-food context, the blockchain can be used to track the path of food products along the entire supply chain. From sowing to harvesting, from processing to distribution, every step is permanently recorded on the blockchain.

This traceability offers many advantages. In the event of a food emergency or contamination, the source of the problem can be quickly identified, minimising the impact on public health. Consumers, on the other hand, can easily access information on the origin and quality of food by simply scanning a QR code on the packaging.

Ensuring food safety

Food safety is a priority concern, and blockchain can play a key role in ensuring that food reaches the final consumer without health risks. Immutable blockchain logging prevents data manipulation, ensuring that food safety information is accurate and verifiable.

For example, in the case of organic products, the blockchain can track the entire production process, from the type of fertilizers used to the date of sowing and the management of crops. This information can be easily verified by certification bodies and consumers themselves, helping to maintain the integrity of the organic sector.

Improving efficiency and transparency

Blockchain can also improve operational efficiency in the agri-food supply chain. By automating recording processes and sharing data in real time, you can reduce event response times and improve information accuracy. This leads to greater trust between the actors in the supply chain and encourages greater collaboration.

In addition, the implementation of blockchain improves transparency at every stage of food production and distribution. All actors involved, from farms to distributors, have access to the same information, reducing the risk of fraud and unfair commercial practices. This increase in transparency can also be a competitive advantage for companies looking to demonstrate the quality and ethics of their products.

The example of Italy with trackit blockchain

Trackit blockchain debuts in Italy, the initiative of the ICE Agency designed to offer Italian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) a cutting-edge tool to promote the clarity and authenticity of their production chains.

A tangible opportunity for companies operating in the agri-food sector, which will have new means available to enhance ethical and sustainable production practices, thus gaining a stronger competitive advantage on the international market, in particular by combating unfair competition. Through the adoption of blockchain technology, manufacturers will be able to transparently disseminate crucial information regarding each stage of the production process, involving consumers and making them aware of the entire supply chain.

Other projects

SOURCE: AgroNotizie
InternationalBanker

As we already mention in our former article, on the weekend before Thanksgiving, OpenAI fired, without explanation, one of its founders: Sam Altman. Prior to him, former president and co-founder of the company, Greg Brockman, also left the company that oversees Chat GPT. To unite the two is not only the company of origin, but also those who welcomed them after: Microsoft, the largest investor of OpenAI with a share of 49%.

OpenAI loses pieces: many threaten to follow Altman to Microsoft

As we learn from a social message published by Altman himself, the founder of OpenAI, after the dismissal, will join the Microsoft team. But there is more: he would have been put in charge of a project on artificial intelligence that will count on many workers, including the other former Greg Brockman.
But the real problem is that Brockman and Altman may not be the only ones to leave OpenAI. According to RaiNews, in fact, many employees of the company, learned the news of the removal of the two and their transfer to Microsoft, they would sign an open letter with the purpose of requesting the reinstatement of the two founders under threat of mass resignation.

OpenAI’s reaction to the transfer of Altman and Brockman to Microsoft

The threat would be followed by concrete actions with three other experienced researchers who would leave the company. This reaction would have pushed even more OpenAI staff to openly take a stand against the board, first with a series of retweets of Altman messages and then with the letter to the board that is accused of "jeopardized all the work done" and "not being clearly able to handle OpenAI"
"Your conduct - you still read in the note - clearly shows that you don’t have the expertise to drive OpenAI. Microsoft assured us that there are positions for all OpenAI employees in the new division in case we decide to join".

Signatories to the letter

Among the signatories of the letter to the Board, in addition to the employees, the names of:

According to RaiNews, even some of the investors of the company would move to resolve the situation and push for the reintegration of all fired, including Satya Nadella, CEO of Microsoft. In the meantime, all the parties in the game are tweeting and are still stirring things up.

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SAN FRANCISCO - The first developer conference organized by OpenAI was held on November 6. During the convention, entitled OpenAI DevDay, held in San Francisco, two big news were announced for the most famous and talked about Chatbot in the world.

OpenAI introduces GPT-4 Turbo

The less striking news concerns the release of GPT-4 Turbo, a new version of its text generation model with updated data until April 2023. A nice leap forward from the currently available versions that are updated in November 2021.

The turbo version also offers the possibility to process longer texts, for a total of 300 pages and to evolve. The artificial intelligence integrated into ChatGPT will allow the system to process, incoming and outgoing, not only text files, but also audio and video.

GPT, custom version coming soon

The innovations introduced already seem surprising, but what most intrigued the audience at the convention can be read in a post published by OpenAI in its blog.

"GPTs are a new way that allows anyone to create a custom version of ChatGPT that is more useful in everyday life for specific tasks, at work or at home, and share this creation with others".

The GPT, referenced in the post, would be nothing more than chatbots customized that anyone can create, even without requiring any programming skills, to address certain issues or satisfy particular interests. To give life to these GPTs should be enough to make a request to ChatGPT with our needs.

Artificial intelligence will then create the necessary programming code to allow us to fulfill our request.
It will be possible to connect to external systems and services and also, thanks to an online e-commerce made available by OpenAI, you can buy GPTs already made and made by accredited companies.

Making it easy for anyone to create a custom AI chatbot without requiring any programming skills. OpenAI is based on the possibility that people want to create custom chatbots to address certain problems or satisfy particular interests.

In London, at Bletchley Park, took place the AI Safety Summit, a two-day event focused on artificial intelligence. The summit brings together international governments from 29 countries, leading artificial intelligence companies, civil society groups and research experts. The objective is to:

Giorgia Meloni’s speech at the AI Safety Summer

Other speakers at the summit included US Vice-President Kamala Harris, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, Elon Musk, Chinese computer scientist Andrew Yao and Italian Council President Giorgia Meloni. Here are his words:

"We are facing a new frontier of progress, which for the first time risks seriously jeopardizing the very principle of the centrality of man. Artificial intelligence is a technology that changes the way we do things, just like we did with electricity or the industrial revolution. But compared to every other revolution of the past, artificial intelligence prefigures a world in which progress no longer optimizes human capabilities, but risks replacing them. And if in the past this substitution mainly concerned physical work, so that people could devote themselves to conceptual work, now it is the intellect that is likely to be replaced, impacting even highly skilled workers".

The use of AI in the geopolitical landscape

"Artificial intelligence is destined to have a marked impact on current geopolitical scenarios and balances, trivially because it is a technology that can guarantee to those who manage and use it a competitive advantage. Just like it happened, and it still does, for other technologies, starting with energy. History has taught us that from the competition to obtain that advantage and the differences between those who have achieved that advantage and those who remain behind can arise tensions, if not even conflicts".

AI at the G7 Summit

"Italy intends to put these issues, together with digital security, at the centre of the discussions of the upcoming Italian G7 Presidency, in continuity with the work done by the Japanese Presidency. We will work on how to foster shared governance, involving both the public and private sectors. We intend to develop "ethical guardrails", a set of ethical principles to underpin generative AI governance and related technologies, to be followed in the development of the dissemination and use of these technologies, both in the public and private sectors, to ensure that man remains at the heart of our society".

In recent years, Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) have emerged as a financial instrument that is capturing the attention of investors around the globe. These investment vehicles provide several advantages over traditional options, offering investors the opportunity to diversify their portfolios and access a broad spectrum of financial assets. In this article, we will delve into the concept of ETFs, their operational mechanisms, and explore why they are becoming an increasingly attractive choice for investors.

Understanding ETFs

ETFs, or Exchange-Traded Funds, are essentially exchange-traded mutual funds. They structure it by bundling various financial assets like stocks, bonds, commodities, or indices into a single tradable instrument. This instrument can be bought or sold on financial markets, functioning much like shares of publicly traded companies.

How ETFs operate

The creation of ETFs is orchestrated by investment management companies. These companies acquire a collection of financial assets, such as stocks or bonds, to form the foundation of the fund. Subsequently, Stock exchanges offer shares of the ETF to the public, allowing investors to buy or sell ETF shares based on market supply and demand.

Distinguishing ETFs from traditional mutual funds, ETFs are continuously traded during regular market hours. This means investors can trade ETF shares at any point throughout the trading day, akin to how they would trade regular stocks.

The Advantages of ETFs

ETFs present a host of advantages that contribute to their appeal for investors:

  1. Diversification is a key benefit of ETFs. A single share provides immediate exposure to various financial assets, spanning sectors and regions, eliminating the need for individual stock or bond investments.
  2. Liquidity: Investors have the flexibility to buy or sell ETF shares at any time during the trading day because ETFs trade on exchanges. This liquidity empowers investors to execute timely transactions.
  3. Cost Efficiency: ETFs often come with lower costs in comparison to other mutual funds or actively managed funds. As ETFs aim to replicate the performance of a specific index, they do not require active management. This translates to reduced management fees for investors.
  4. Transparency: ETFs routinely disclose their portfolios, allowing investors to monitor the underlying assets and comprehend the composition of the fund. This transparency offers investors a clear understanding of their investments.

Bitcoin ETFs: a breakthrough in cryptocurrency investment

One particular area where ETFs have sparked interest and innovation is in the realm of cryptocurrencies, specifically Bitcoin. Bitcoin ETFs are financial instruments that aim to provide exposure to the price movements of Bitcoin without requiring investors to directly hold and manage the cryptocurrency. These Bitcoin ETFs have garnered substantial attention in the financial world.

With increasing cryptocurrency adoption, Bitcoin ETFs become appealing to those seeking crypto market exposure without managing digital assets. They offer diversification, liquidity, cost-efficiency, and transparency, making them attractive for both seasoned and new crypto investors.

Closing thoughts

Exchange-Traded Funds have revolutionized the way investors access and manage their portfolios, and they are gaining popularity worldwide. While ETFs offer numerous advantages, it's crucial to recognize that all investments carry inherent risks, including Bitcoin ETFs.

Prior to investing in ETFs, especially those related to cryptocurrencies, consult a financial advisor to evaluate your financial situation and goals. In summary, ETFs, including those centered on cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, offer flexibility and accessibility for diversification and market engagement. With the right approach, they can serve as valuable tools for investors seeking to unlock the potential of their portfolios. Remember, the information provided here is for informational purposes and does not constitute financial advice. Always seek professional guidance when making investment decisions.

A recent study conducted by Oranim Academic College in Tivon, Israel, and published in the journal Family Medicine and Community Health has raised the intriguing possibility that ChatGPT, an artificial intelligence, may outperform a primary care physician in managing depression, following recognized treatment standards.

The Innovative Role of ChatGPT in depressive therapy

ChatGPT emerges as a potential game-changer in the field of depression management, offering quick and objective insights. These data can complement traditional diagnostic methods while ensuring confidentiality and anonymity, crucial aspects when dealing with mental health issues.

Study compares ChatGPT's efficiency with primary care physicians

The scientific approach focused on a sample of 1,249 French primary care physicians, with 73% being women. The comparison involved three different versions of ChatGPT, asking a pivotal question: "What do you think a primary care physician should recommend in this situation?"

A aradual approach to treatment

The recommended therapeutic path for depression should follow evidence-based clinical guidelines, typically suggesting a gradual approach to care in line with the severity of depression. Surprisingly, the study's results revealed significant differences between the recommendations of primary care physicians and those of ChatGPT.

ChatGPT's goal: enhancing primary care quality

ChatGPT demonstrated a higher frequency of recommending the recommended therapy compared to primary care physicians. This suggests that artificial intelligence has the potential to improve the quality of primary care for depressed patients.

Limitations and the need for further research

While ChatGPT shows promise, the study's authors acknowledge the need for further research. Additionally, they emphasize the importance of ensuring data privacy and security, especially in such a sensitive context as mental health. The authors underscore that AI should never replace human clinical judgment in diagnosing or treating depression but can serve as a complementary tool to enhance decision-making in primary care.

SOURCE: ANSA

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